ENFI’s development is most clearly connected to deaf culture in Batson’s essay “The Origins of ENFI.” Most striking is Batson’s linkage of the network writing system to the history of pedagogical experiments at Gallaudet. “Projected writing” is a proto-network system in which teachers and students hand-wrote English onto overhead projector film for public display. Batson also describes an early advanced-technological system involving teletype machines donated by the Associated Press. This history is important because it reveals the pre-digital pedagogical experimentation that, together with social-constructionist and social-epistemic rhetoric, sets the discursive context for the development of network-based writing instruction. Part of the impulse to write this text is to connect my experience at the turn of the century with deaf students with the origin of networked writing instruction at Gallaudet.

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