DR Cover Review of Digitizing Race by Lisa Nakamura


Digital Racial Formations

Chapter 1:

"Ramadan is Almoast Here"

Chapter 2:

Chapter 3:
The Social Optics of Race

Chapter 4:
Avatars and Visual Culture

Chapter 5:
Measuring Race on the Internet

Racio-Visual Logic

Conclusions on Digitizing Race




Nakamura, Lisa. (2002). Cybertypes: Race ethnicity and identity on the Internet. New York: Routledge.

Nakamura, Lisa. (2007). Digitizing race: Visual cultures of the Internet. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.


The WIRED Magazine February 2004 cover was accessed from http://www.wired.com/wired/covers/wiredcover12_02.jpg on July 12, 2008. I grayscaled it using Adobe Photoshop CS3.

Jennifer Lopez video “If You Had My Love” and Matrix: Reloaded clips accessed from http://www.youtube.com on July 14, 2008.

The buddy icon Single and Sexy was found through a general search at http://www.buddyicon.com. It was created in March of 2005 by AndysSweetLiLhUn.

Alllooksame.com header graphic captured from http://www.alllooksame.com on July 14, 2008.

iPod advertisement originally from Macworld Magazine. Accessed July 14, 2008, from http://www.chaosmint.com/mac/ipod-ads/.

The avatar and signature example is from forum.colts.com. I generated it and deleted it on July 15, 2008. It’s my user account, utilized to avoid capturing another person’s identity.

“Gay or Asian” image originally from Details magazine, April 2004. Accessed here from UCLA’s International Institute: http://www.international.ucla.edu/cms/images/4-09_Details1.jpg