1. Foucault describes six principles that distinguish heterotopic spaces from all others. We explore these heterotopic principles in order to theorize and re-envision new archival spaces on the WWW.
  2. All cultures manifest heterotopias, some as sacred places like cemeteries, and others more profane such as museums and ships.
  3. Each heterotopia has a "precise and determined function" that may shift over time. Cemeteries, for example, were generally located near the town's center next to the church until the end of the eighteenth century. Their migration to the suburbs during the 19th century marked a significant ideological shift from the "sacred and immortal heart of the city" to the 'other city,' where each family possesses its dark resting place" (25).
  4. Heterotopias are capable of "juxtaposing in a single real place several spaces, several sites that are themselves incompatible." He provides the examples of libraries and Oriental gardens.
  5. Heterotopias "are most often linked to slices in time," as in the functions that a library or cemetery serve. These spaces always "presuppose a system of opening and closing that both isolates them and makes them penetrable."
  6. Some heterotopias require rites of passage while others appear to be publicly accessible but "hide curious exclusions" (26).
  7. Finally, heterotopias function in relation to all spaces that exist outside of them. At the same time that they mark a culturally definable space that is unlike any other space, they also act as microcosms reflecting larger fcultural patterns or social orders.

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