Anderson, Daniel, Atkins, Anthony, Ball, Cheryl, Millar, Krista Homicz, Selfe, Cynthia, & Selfe, Richard. (2006). Integrating multimodality into composition curricula: Survey methodology and results from a CCCC research grant, Composition Studies, 34(2), 59-84.

Bickmore, Lisa, & Christiansen, Ron. (2010). "Who will be the inventors? Why not us?" Multimodal compositions in the two-year college classroom. Teaching English in the Two Year College, 37(3), 230- 242.

Birch, Dawn, & Sankey, Michael. (2008). Drivers for and obstacles to the development of interactive multimodal technology-mediated distance higher education courses. International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology, 4(1), 67-79.

Borsheim, Carlin, Merritt, Kelly, & Reed, Dawn. (2008). Beyond technology for technology's sake: Advancing multiliteracies in the twenty-first century. The Clearing House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, Issues and Ideas, 82(2), 87-90.

Council of Writing Program Administrators (CWPA). (1999). WPA outcomes statement for first-year composition. WPA: Writing Program Administration 23.1/2: 59-66.

Council of Writing Program Administrators (CWPA,) National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE,) & National Writing Project (NWP). (2011). Framework for success in postsecondary education. Retrieved June 15, 2012, from

Fadel, Charles. (2008). Multimodal learning through media: What the research says. San Jose, CA: Cisco Systems.

Feldman, Ana. (2008) Making writing matter: Composition in the engaged university. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Fleming, Neil. (2001). VARK: A guide to learning styles. Retrieved March 7, 2012, from

Hess, Mickey. (2007). Composing multimodal assignments. In Pamela Takayoshi & Cynthia Selfe (Eds.), Multimodal composition: Resources for teachers (pp. 29-37). New York: Hampton Press.

Jenkins, Henry; Clinton, Katie; Purushotma, Ravi; Robison, Alice J.; & Weigel, Margaret. (2007). Confronting the challenges of participatory culture: Media education for the 21st Century. Chicago, IL: MacArthur Foundation. Retrieved April 1, 2012, from

Journet, Deborah. (2007). Inventing myself in multimodality: Encouraging senior faculty to use digital media. Computers and Composition, 24, 107–120.

Lauer, Claire. (2009). Contending with terms: "Multimodal" and "multimedia" in the academic and public spheres. Computers and Composition, 26(4), 225-239.

Lauer, Claire. (2012). What's in a name? The anatomy of defining new/multi/modal/digital/media texts. Kairos, 17(1). Retrieved October 14, 2013, from

Mayer, Richard, Moreno, Roxana, Boire, Michelle, & Vagge, Shannon. (1999). Maximizing constructivist learning From multimedia communications by minimizing cognitive load. Journal of Educational Psychology, 91(4), 638-643.

Mayer, Richard, & Sims, Valerie. (1994). For whom is a picture worth a thousand words? Extensions of a dual-coding theory of multimedia learning. Journal of Educational Psychology, 86(3), 389-401.

Mayer, Richard, & Moreno, Roxana. (2003). Nine ways to reduce cognitive load in multimedia learning. Educational Psychologist, 38(1), 43-52.

McCorduck, Pamela. (1992). How we knew, how we know, how we will know. In Myron C. Tuman, Literacy online: The promise (and peril) of reading and writing with computers (pp. 245-260). Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.

National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE). (2008). The NCTE definition of 21st century literacies. Retrieved October 14, 2013, from

Picciano, Anthony. G. (2009). Blending with purpose: The multimodal model. Journal of the Research Centre for Educational Technology, 5(1), 4-14.

Roen, Duane, Glau, Gregory, & Maid, Barry. (2011). McGraw Hill guide: Writing for college, writing for life. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw Hill.

Selfe, Cynthia. (2009). The movement of air, the breath of meaning: Aurality and multimodal composing. College Composition and Communication, 60(4), 616-63.

Takayoshi, Pamela, & Selfe, Cynthia. (2007). Thinking about multimodality. In Pamela Takayoshi & Cynthia Selfe (Eds.), Multimodal composition: Resources for teachers (pp. 1-12). New York: Hampton Press.

Wales, Tim, & Robertson, Penny. (2008). Captivating open university students with online literature search tutorials created using screen capture software. Program: Electronic Library and Information Systems, 42(4), 365-381.